# GCSE Physics - Power and Work Done #7

TLDRThis informative video delves into the concept of power, explaining its dual definitions and how it's calculated. It distinguishes between power as the rate of energy transfer and as the rate of work done, using the formulas P = E/T and P = W/T. The video illustrates these concepts with examples, comparing lamp power, calculating energy transferred by a microwave, and determining the power used to push a car. The content is engaging and educational, aiming to enhance understanding of these fundamental physical concepts.

###### Takeaways

- π Power has two definitions: the rate of energy transfer and the rate of work done.
- π Power is measured in watts (W), energy in joules (J), and time in seconds (s).
- π The first definition's equation is Power = Energy Transferred / Time.
- πββοΈ The second definition's equation is Power = Work Done / Time, where work is a measure of energy transfer through force and movement.
- π‘ Examples of work include pushing a car, which involves force and distance.
- π‘ Examples of energy transfer without work include electrical energy from a plug to a phone.
- π To compare power, calculate the power using the energy transferred equation for devices without work involved.
- π² A microwave example shows how to calculate energy transferred using the rearranged equation: Energy Transferred = Power Γ Time.
- β±οΈ Time conversions are necessary (e.g., 3 minutes to 180 seconds) for accurate calculations.
- π Convert large energy values to more manageable units like kilojoules (kJ) for easier understanding.
- π Calculating power with work involved involves dividing the work done (in joules or kilojoules) by the time taken in seconds.

###### Q & A

### What are the two definitions of power mentioned in the video?

-The two definitions of power are: 1) Power as the rate at which energy is transferred, and 2) Power as the rate at which work is done.

### How is power calculated using the energy transfer definition?

-Power is calculated using the energy transfer definition with the formula: Power = Energy Transferred / Time.

### What is the unit of measurement for power?

-Power is measured in watts.

### How is work done defined in the context of the video?

-Work done is a special measure of energy transfer used when a force is used to move an object by a certain distance.

### How can you tell the difference between energy transfer and work done in the examples of the lamps?

-In the examples of the lamps, the energy transfer is used because there is no work being done, as there is no force or movement involved in the transfer of energy from the lamps.

### Which lamp is more powerful according to the video?

-The left lamp is more powerful, with 60 watts of power, compared to the right lamp, which has 50 watts.

### How much energy is transferred by a 1100-watt microwave in three minutes?

-A 1100-watt microwave transfers 198,000 joules (or 198 kilojoules) of energy in three minutes.

### What is the formula to calculate the energy transferred by an appliance?

-The formula to calculate the energy transferred is: Energy Transferred = Power Γ Time.

### How can you convert joules to kilojoules?

-You can convert joules to kilojoules by dividing the number of joules by one thousand.

### If you do 9 kilojoules of work over 20 seconds, what is the power you are using?

-If you do 9 kilojoules of work over 20 seconds, you are using 450 watts of power.

### How can you find the power used when pushing a car if you know the work done and the time taken?

-You can find the power used by dividing the work done (in joules or kilojoules) by the time taken in seconds.

### What are the units of measurement for energy transferred and work done?

-Both energy transferred and work done are measured in joules, and time is measured in seconds.

###### Outlines

##### π Understanding Power: Definitions and Calculations

This paragraph introduces the concept of power, explaining its dual definitions and associated equations. Power is defined as the rate of energy transfer, represented by the formula P = E/T, where P is power, E is energy, and T is time. Alternatively, power is viewed as the rate of work done, expressed as P = W/T, with W for work. The distinction is clarified by differentiating between energy transfer (e.g., electrical energy from a socket to a phone) and work done (e.g., pushing a car, involving force and movement). Both power and energy are measured in watts and joules, respectively, with time in seconds. The paragraph uses examples of lamps to illustrate how to calculate power and compare their magnitudes.

###### Mindmap

###### Keywords

##### π‘Power

##### π‘Energy Transfer

##### π‘Work Done

##### π‘Watt

##### π‘Joule

##### π‘Time

##### π‘Lamp

##### π‘Microwave

##### π‘Efficiency

##### π‘Calculation

##### π‘Kilojoule

###### Highlights

Power is defined in two ways: as the rate of energy transfer and as the rate of work done.

The equation for power as energy transfer rate is Power = Energy Transferred / Time.

The equation for power as work done rate is Power = Work Done / Time.

Work done is a special measure of energy transfer used when a force moves an object a certain distance.

Power is measured in watts, energy transferred in joules, and time in seconds.

Comparing two lamps, the one transferring 1200 joules over 20 seconds is more powerful than the one using 1500 joules over 30 seconds.

Lamp power can be found on a label at home.

An 1100-watt microwave used for three minutes transfers 198,000 joules (or 198 kilojoules) of energy.

To calculate energy transferred by a microwave, rearrange the power equation to solve for energy and convert time to seconds.

Pushing a car down the street doing nine kilojoules of work over 20 seconds uses 450 watts of power.

The video provides practical examples to understand the calculation of power and energy transfer.

The difference between energy transfer and work done is clarified with examples of pushing a car versus electrical energy transfer.

The video demonstrates how to convert large energy values into more manageable units like kilojoules.

Understanding power definitions and calculations can help in everyday applications like comparing lamp efficiencies.

The video encourages viewers to engage by leaving comments if they enjoyed the content.

The content is structured to progressively build understanding, starting from basic definitions to more complex examples.

###### Transcripts

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