Using the Documents (The AP Euro DBQ: Part II)

Tom Richey
11 Nov 201712:56
32 Likes 10 Comments

TLDRIn this instructional video, students are guided on effectively utilizing documents for the AP Euro DBQ. The video emphasizes the importance of accurately describing three documents, using at least six to support an argument, and explaining the perspective, situation, or purpose of three documents for optimal scoring. Strategies such as grouping documents and humanizing them by understanding their historical context and the author's intent are discussed to enhance the students' essay writing skills.

  • πŸ“š The video is the second part of a series on the AP Euro DBQ, focusing on effectively using documents within the exam.
  • 🎯 There are seven documents provided for the DBQ, with scoring based on description, support, and explanation of these documents.
  • πŸ“ˆ To score one point, describe the content of three documents; for another, use at least six documents to support your argument; and for the final point, explain the perspective of at least three documents.
  • πŸ€” When describing documents, avoid relying solely on quotes and instead provide a clear understanding of the document's content and purpose.
  • πŸ“ It's recommended to use all seven documents to support your argument, ensuring a comprehensive analysis and providing 'insurance' against potential mistakes.
  • πŸ” Grouping documents is a strategy to ensure they are used effectively in support of arguments, though it's no longer formally assessed.
  • πŸ“Š Start each body paragraph with a topic sentence that states the argument of that paragraph, ensuring all evidence serves this point.
  • πŸ‘€ Humanize the documents by explaining their point of view, situation, audience, or purpose in a historical context.
  • πŸ“š For each document analyzed, use one of the methods (POV, situation, audience, or purpose) to explain its relevance to the argument.
  • πŸ› οΈ Aim to explain more than the required minimum number of documents as a safety measure, but prioritize time management.
  • πŸ”₯ The presenter offers an eight-month writing clinic for a more in-depth understanding and practice of these techniques.
Q & A
  • What is the main focus of the video?

    -The main focus of the video is to provide guidance on how to effectively use documents in the AP European History DBQ (Document-Based Question).

  • How many points can students score based on documents in the DBQ?

    -Students can score a total of three points based on documents in the DBQ: one point for describing the content of three documents, one point for using at least six documents to support their argument, and an additional point for using at least three documents to explain the point of view, situation, audience, or purpose.

  • What is the importance of accurately describing the content of a document?

    -Accurately describing the content of a document is important because it demonstrates the student's understanding of the document and allows them to effectively use it to support their argument and explain the document's perspective, situation, audience, or purpose.

  • What is the strategy recommended for using documents argumentatively?

    -The recommended strategy for using documents argumentatively is to group the documents into three categories, ensuring that each body paragraph starts with a topic sentence that states the point to be argued in that paragraph, and all evidence used serves that argument.

  • Why is it advised to use all seven documents in the DBQ?

    -Using all seven documents is advised as a form of insurance to ensure that the student covers all possible points for describing and supporting the argument, as well as providing a comprehensive analysis.

  • How does the presenter suggest students should approach quoting in their DBQ essay?

    -The presenter suggests that students should quote as little as possible, and if they do quote, it should be a part of a sentence that they couldn't have said better themselves. The focus should be on understanding and using the document's content to support and explain their arguments.

  • What is the purpose of explaining the documents in terms of point of view, situation, audience, or purpose?

    -Explaining the documents in terms of point of view, situation, audience, or purpose helps to humanize the documents, showing that they come from real historical situations and individuals, which adds depth and context to the student's analysis and argument.

  • How many documents should a student aim to explain for safety?

    -A student should aim to explain four documents for safety, as they are required to explain three, but explaining an additional document ensures coverage of all required points and provides a buffer in case of errors.

  • What is the presenter's stance on using outside evidence in the DBQ essay?

    -The presenter does not discuss the use of outside evidence in this part of the video, but will address it in the third part, focusing on outside evidence and complex understanding.

  • What resource does the presenter offer for a more thorough treatment of DBQ writing?

    -The presenter offers an eight-month writing clinic subscription-based service available on their website, Tom Ritchie dot net, for a more thorough treatment of DBQ writing.

  • How can students ensure they are effectively using documents to support their arguments?

    -Students can ensure effective use of documents by purposefully selecting and grouping them to support specific points, making sure each body paragraph focuses on a clear argument supported by the documents, and by explaining the historical context, point of view, audience, or purpose of the documents.

πŸ“š Introduction to AP Euro DBQ Document Analysis

This paragraph introduces the second part of an explanatory video focused on the AP European History Document-Based Question (DBQ). It emphasizes the importance of effectively using the provided documents to score points. The video is an introductory one, and viewers are encouraged to check out the speaker's eight-month writing clinic for a more in-depth understanding. The paragraph outlines the scoring system, where two points are awarded for contextualization in the thesis, and additional points are earned by describing, supporting, and explaining the documents.

πŸ“– Strategies for Describing and Supporting Documents

The speaker discusses strategies for describing and supporting documents in the DBQ. It is emphasized that simply quoting is not enough; instead, students should accurately describe the content of the documents and use them to support their arguments. The paragraph provides an example of how to describe a document by William Tyndale, highlighting the need to reference the author and the main argument. The speaker also introduces the concept of grouping documents to effectively use them in argumentation, suggesting that all seven documents should be used for maximum impact.

🎯 Explaining Documents for Maximum Impact

In this paragraph, the focus is on explaining the documents to earn additional points. The speaker explains that explaining one of the four aspects (point of view, situation, audience, or purpose) is sufficient for each document analyzed. The example of Tyndale's document is used to illustrate how to humanize the document by providing historical context and explaining the author's intentions and audience. The speaker advocates for explaining as many documents as possible for safety and insurance, even if it's not required, and suggests explaining four documents to be on the safe side.

πŸ’‘AP Euro DBQ
AP Euro DBQ refers to the Document-Based Question section of the Advanced Placement European History exam. It requires students to analyze and interpret historical documents to construct a coherent argument. In the video, the speaker focuses on strategies for effectively using documents in this section to score points, highlighting the importance of understanding the content, supporting arguments, and explaining the context behind the documents.
Contextualization in the context of the video refers to the process of providing historical background or setting to understand the circumstances in which a document was created. This helps in interpreting the document's significance and message more accurately. The speaker emphasizes that students have already scored points for contextualization in their thesis and should continue to provide context when explaining the documents.
πŸ’‘William Tyndale
William Tyndale was an English theologian and reformer known for his translation of the Bible into English. In the video, Tyndale's work is used as an example of a document that students might encounter in the AP Euro DBQ. His writings, such as 'The Practice of Prelates,' critiqued the Catholic Church and supported Protestant Reformation ideals, making his documents relevant for analysis in the context of the printing press and religious reform.
πŸ’‘Printing Press
The printing press is a technology that revolutionized the way information was disseminated, having a profound impact on the Reformation. It allowed for the mass production of books and pamphlets, which facilitated the spread of new ideas and criticisms of the Catholic Church. In the video, the printing press is discussed as a key factor that enabled reformers like Tyndale to reach a wide audience with their writings.
The Reformation refers to a major movement within Christianity in the 16th century that led to the creation of Protestant churches. It was a response to perceived corruption within the Catholic Church and a call for a return to biblical principles. The video discusses the role of the printing press in facilitating the spread of Reformation ideas and the critique of the Catholic Church by reformers like Tyndale.
πŸ’‘Document Analysis
Document analysis is the process of examining historical documents to extract and interpret information. In the context of the AP Euro DBQ, it involves describing, supporting, and explaining the content and context of the documents provided. The video provides strategies for effective document analysis, emphasizing the need to understand the documents' content, purpose, and historical situation.
A thesis in the context of an essay or argumentative writing is a statement that presents the main point or argument that the writer intends to prove. In the video, the speaker mentions that students have already scored points for contextualization in their theses and must continue to support and explain their theses using the documents provided in the AP Euro DBQ.
πŸ’‘Grouping Documents
Grouping documents is a strategy for organizing and analyzing multiple documents in an argumentative essay. It involves categorizing documents based on common themes, perspectives, or arguments to strengthen the overall case. In the video, the speaker recommends grouping the seven documents from the AP Euro DBQ into three groups to ensure that they are used effectively to support the argument.
πŸ’‘Point of View (POV)
Point of view, or POV, refers to the perspective from which a document is written or an argument is presented. In historical document analysis, understanding the author's POV is crucial for interpreting the document's message and its relevance to the broader historical context. The video emphasizes the importance of explaining the POV of documents to humanize them and make their historical significance clearer.
πŸ’‘Historical Situation
The historical situation refers to the specific context or circumstances of a particular time and place in history. In document analysis, understanding the historical situation is essential for interpreting the motivations and significance of the documents. The video discusses how to use the historical situation to explain the content of documents and to humanize them by connecting them to real historical events and figures.
Protestants are followers of Protestantism, a major branch of Christianity that originated during the Reformation as a reaction against certain doctrines and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. In the video, the speaker discusses how Protestant reformers like Tyndale used the printing press to spread their criticisms of the Catholic Church and to promote Protestant ideals.

The video is the second part of an explanatory series about the AP Euro DBQ.

There are seven documents in the DBQ, and students can score up to three points based on their use.

Two points have already been scored for contextualization and thesis.

One point can be earned by describing the content of three documents.

Another point is awarded for using at least six documents to support an argument.

An additional point is given for using at least three documents to explain the point of view, situation, audience, or purpose.

The video provides a strategy for effectively using documents in the DBQ.

Quoting documents is discouraged; instead, students should aim to understand and summarize the content.

The video introduces the concept of 'grouping documents' for a more cohesive argument.

Every document should be used, providing 'insurance' against potential mistakes under time pressure.

Explaining the documents involves humanizing them by considering the historical situation, audience, purpose, and point of view.

The video uses a sample document from William Tyndale to illustrate how to describe, support, and explain documents.

The printing press is highlighted as a key factor in the Reformation, enabling wider criticism of the Catholic Church.

The video encourages students to use all seven documents for maximum effectiveness and safety.

Explaining three documents is required, but explaining four is recommended for safety.

The video will cover outside evidence and complex understanding in the third part.

For a more in-depth guide, the presenter invites viewers to check out the eight-month writing clinic on their website.

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