# Very Common Mole Questions

TLDRThis educational video tackles two common chemistry questions involving moles. The first question addresses calculating the mass of a single oxygen atom, utilizing the molar mass of oxygen (16.00 grams per mole) and Avogadro's number (6.02 x 10^23 atoms per mole) to deduce that one oxygen atom weighs approximately 2.66 x 10^-23 grams. The second question involves comparing the mass of mercury to calcium, both containing the same number of atoms. By applying molar mass conversions, the video demonstrates how to find the mass of mercury equivalent to 64.2 grams of calcium, concluding it would be 321 grams. The video effectively uses conversion factors and emphasizes the importance of understanding molar relationships in chemistry.

###### Takeaways

- π The video discusses two common types of chemistry questions related to moles that frequently appear in homework, textbooks, quizzes, and exams.
- π The first question type asks for the mass of a single atom of an element, using oxygen as an example in the script.
- π§¬ To solve such problems, one must understand molar mass and the number of atoms in a mole, specifically that 1 mole of oxygen atoms weighs 16.00 grams.
- π’ The number of atoms in a mole is Avogadro's number, which is 6.02 x 10^23, and this is used to find the mass of a single atom.
- βοΈ The script demonstrates how to use conversion factors to calculate the mass of a single oxygen atom, resulting in 2.66 x 10^-23 grams.
- π The second question type involves comparing the mass of different elements to find an equivalent number of atoms, illustrated with mercury and calcium.
- βοΈ Molar masses of mercury and calcium are given as 200.6 grams and 40.08 grams respectively, which are key to solving the second type of question.
- π€ The script clarifies a confusing question by explaining that it's asking for the mass of mercury that has the same number of atoms as a given mass of calcium.
- π The process involves two steps: first, determining the number of atoms in the given mass of calcium, and second, calculating the mass of mercury with an equivalent number of atoms.
- π By using the molar mass and Avogadro's number, the script shows that 64.2 grams of calcium contain 9.64 x 10^23 atoms.
- π§ The final calculation using the conversion factor for mercury results in 321 grams of mercury having the same number of atoms as 64.2 grams of calcium.

###### Q & A

### What is the molar mass of oxygen according to the periodic table?

-The molar mass of oxygen is 16.00 grams per mole, as indicated by the number on the periodic table.

### How many oxygen atoms are there in one mole of oxygen?

-There are 602 hexillion (6.02 x 10^23) oxygen atoms in one mole of oxygen.

### What is the mass of a single atom of oxygen in grams?

-The mass of a single atom of oxygen is 2.66 x 10^-23 grams, as calculated using the molar mass and Avogadro's number.

### How can we express the relationship between the number of oxygen atoms and their mass in grams?

-The relationship can be expressed as 6.02 x 10^23 oxygen atoms being equivalent to 16.00 grams.

### What is the molar mass of mercury and how does it compare to that of calcium?

-The molar mass of mercury is 200.6 grams per mole, which is significantly higher than that of calcium, which is 40.08 grams per mole.

### How many atoms are in 64.2 grams of calcium?

-64.2 grams of calcium contain 9.64 x 10^23 calcium atoms, as determined by using the molar mass of calcium and Avogadro's number.

### What mass of mercury has the same number of atoms as 64.2 grams of calcium?

-321 grams of mercury have the same number of atoms as 64.2 grams of calcium, based on the molar mass comparison and Avogadro's number.

### What is the significance of Avogadro's number in the context of this script?

-Avogadro's number (6.02 x 10^23) is significant as it represents the number of atoms in one mole of a substance, allowing the conversion between mass and number of atoms.

### How does the script demonstrate the use of conversion factors in chemistry calculations?

-The script demonstrates the use of conversion factors by showing how to convert from the number of atoms to grams and vice versa, using the molar mass and Avogadro's number.

### What is the purpose of using scientific notation in the final answer for the mass of a single oxygen atom?

-Scientific notation is used to express very large or small numbers in a compact form, making it easier to read and understand the extremely small mass of a single oxygen atom, which is 2.66 x 10^-23 grams.

### Why is it important to round the final answer to three significant figures?

-Rounding to three significant figures is important to maintain the precision of the calculation and to reflect the level of accuracy inherent in the given data, which in this case is 6.02 x 10^23.

###### Outlines

##### π§ͺ Calculating the Mass of a Single Oxygen Atom

The first paragraph of the video script introduces the concept of calculating the mass of a single atom, using oxygen as an example. It explains the importance of understanding moles and their relation to atomic mass. The video demonstrates how to use the molar mass of oxygen, which is 16.00 grams per mole, and the Avogadro's number, which is 6.02 x 10^23 atoms per mole, to find the mass of a single oxygen atom. By setting up a conversion factor using these values, the video shows the mathematical process of dividing the molar mass by Avogadro's number to arrive at the mass of one oxygen atom, which is approximately 2.66 x 10^-23 grams. This detailed explanation helps viewers grasp the fundamental principles of stoichiometry and the significance of moles in chemistry.

##### π Determining the Mass of Mercury with an Equivalent Number of Atoms to Calcium

The second paragraph tackles a more complex question involving the comparison of atomic numbers between mercury and calcium to find an equivalent mass that contains the same number of atoms. The video clarifies the question by explaining the molar mass of both elements, with mercury having a molar mass of 200.6 grams per mole and calcium 40.08 grams per mole. It emphasizes that despite the difference in mass, equal numbers of atoms in mercury and calcium are considered. The solution process involves two steps: first, calculating the number of atoms in 64.2 grams of calcium using a conversion factor derived from its molar mass and Avogadro's number, resulting in 9.64 x 10^23 calcium atoms. Then, using the number of atoms to find the equivalent mass of mercury, which is calculated by multiplying the number of calcium atoms by a conversion factor based on mercury's molar mass, yielding 321 grams of mercury. This step-by-step approach illustrates the application of stoichiometry to practical chemistry problems.

###### Mindmap

###### Keywords

##### π‘moles

##### π‘mass

##### π‘periodic table

##### π‘molar mass

##### π‘conversion factor

##### π‘Avogadro's number

##### π‘scientific notation

##### π‘significant figures

##### π‘atomic number

##### π‘element

###### Highlights

The video discusses two common types of questions about moles frequently appearing in homework, textbooks, quizzes, and exams.

The first question asks for the mass in grams of a single atom of oxygen.

To solve such problems, one must understand concepts of moles and mass.

The molar mass of oxygen is 16.00 grams, indicating the weight of one mole of oxygen atoms.

One mole of oxygen atoms contains 602 hexillion atoms, often represented as 6.02 x 10^23.

Combining the molar mass and the number of atoms in a mole allows calculating the mass of a single oxygen atom.

A conversion factor is used to convert the number of oxygen atoms to grams.

The mass of a single oxygen atom is calculated to be 2.66 x 10^-23 grams using scientific notation.

The second question involves comparing the mass of mercury to calcium with the same number of atoms.

The molar mass of mercury is 200.6 grams and calcium is 40.08 grams per mole.

200.6 grams of mercury and 40.08 grams of calcium contain the same number of atoms.

The question asks to find the mass of mercury with the same number of atoms as 64.2 grams of calcium.

A two-step process is used to find the number of atoms in 64.2 grams of calcium and then convert that to mercury.

The number of atoms in 64.2 grams of calcium is calculated to be 9.64 x 10^23.

Using the conversion factor, the mass of mercury with the same number of atoms as 64.2 grams of calcium is found to be 321 grams.

The key to solving the problem is the ability to use information about moles to write conversion factors.

###### Transcripts

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