# #18 LEARN FREE MUSIC THEORY

TLDRIn Lesson 18 of Learn Free Music Theory, we dive into the realm of advanced intervals, introducing the concepts of augmented and diminished intervals. This lesson is designed for those who are comfortable with basic and intermediate intervals, ready to explore the expansion and contraction of musical distances. Through engaging explanations and visual aids, the lesson breaks down the complexities of these intervals, illustrating how they can appear deceptively similar on staff but differ significantly in musical effect. The lesson culminates with a unique homework challenge, encouraging learners to describe musical note combinations in multiple ways, solidifying their understanding of these advanced concepts. Whether these intervals seem more intriguing or daunting, continuous practice and determination are key to mastery.

###### Takeaways

- π Introduces the concepts of augmented and diminished intervals
- π Augmented intervals are bigger/wider than usual intervals
- π Diminished intervals are smaller than usual intervals
- π Uses balloons and stomachs as analogies to explain concepts
- π Shows a chart comparing perfect, augmented & diminished intervals
- πΉ Explains how accidentals (sharps/flats) affect interval quality
- βοΈ Gives examples of different intervals and how to name them
- π§ Says you need solid foundations in previous concepts first
- π Gives a sample interval homework activity for students
- ππ» Says it's okay if you don't fully understand yet, you can move on and revisit later

###### Q & A

### What are the two new terms introduced for advanced intervals?

-The two new terms introduced are augmented and diminished.

### How can you visualize an augmented interval?

-An augmented interval can be visualized like a balloon that is filled with too much air and is about to pop, or a stomach that is overly full and bloated.

### What happens to the interval space in an augmented interval?

-In an augmented interval, the interval space increases by one semitone, making it wider.

### How would you mark an augmented fifth interval?

-An augmented fifth interval would be marked by an X and a 5, for example "Augmented 5th".

### What happens to the interval space in a diminished interval?

-In a diminished interval, the space between notes decreases, making the interval smaller.

### How do augmented and diminished intervals work for major and minor intervals?

-For major and minor intervals, if you go up a semitone from the major it becomes augmented. If you go down a semitone from major it becomes minor. Go down another semitone and it becomes diminished.

### Why is a solid foundation in basic and intermediate intervals important before learning advanced intervals?

-You need to thoroughly understand scale degrees, key signatures, and building basic intervals first. Without this foundation, advanced intervals will be confusing.

### What is the homework assignment to practice advanced intervals?

-The homework is to take a combination of two notes, rearrange them to describe the notes in at least two different interval names, and write them out on the musical staff.

### What are some examples of interval combinations you could use for the homework?

-Some examples are: C to G, D flat to A flat, A sharp to B, or any two notes that you want to explore.

### How many different interval names should you aim for in the homework if you want an extra challenge?

-If you want an extra challenge, aim to describe the two notes in three different interval name combinations.

###### Outlines

##### πΌ Advanced Intervals in Music Theory

This lesson introduces advanced intervals in music theory, focusing on the concepts of augmented and diminished intervals. The instructor explains these intervals using everyday analogies, such as a balloon's capacity or the feeling of fullness in one's stomach, to illustrate the idea of intervals expanding or contracting beyond their normal sizes. Augmented intervals are described as larger than standard, while diminished intervals are smaller. The lesson covers how these intervals are represented on staff notation and their significance in understanding the precise distance between notes. This foundational knowledge is crucial for students ready to progress from basic and intermediate interval recognition to more complex music theory concepts.

##### π΅ Perfect, Major, and Minor Intervals Explained

In this section, the focus shifts to perfect intervals and their variations through augmentation and diminishment, using examples to illustrate how adding a semitone can change an interval's classification. The lesson then extends to major and minor intervals, detailing how alterations in semitones affect their categorization into augmented or diminished intervals. Practical examples, like the transition from C to A, demonstrate the theory's application, emphasizing the importance of notation and the role of key signatures in identifying intervals accurately. This part of the lesson also suggests that a solid understanding of basic and intermediate intervals, along with key signature knowledge, is essential before delving into these advanced concepts.

##### π Homework Assignment on Interval Identification

The final section assigns homework to reinforce the lesson's concepts, encouraging students to practice identifying intervals by describing a given pair of notes in at least two different ways. This exercise aims to solidify the understanding of how intervals can be represented and named differently depending on their context and notation. The instructor stresses the importance of this practice for mastering advanced intervals and prepares students for recognizing and utilizing these intervals in various musical contexts. The lesson concludes with encouragement, emphasizing that mastering these concepts requires practice and determination.

###### Mindmap

###### Keywords

##### π‘interval

##### π‘augmented interval

##### π‘diminished interval

##### π‘semitone

##### π‘scale

##### π‘key signature

##### π‘accidentals

##### π‘harmonic

##### π‘interval inversion

##### π‘key foundation

###### Highlights

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###### Transcripts

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