The Murder of Sitting Bull - Native American History - Part 4 - Extra History

Extra History
9 Mar 202411:56
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TLDRThe narrative details the life of Sitting Bull, a prominent Native American leader, from his difficult exile in Canada to his complex return and surrender to the US Army. It explores his efforts to ensure his grandson's education in white American culture, his symbolic gestures of resistance, and his eventual involvement in Buffalo Bill's Wild West show. The story culminates in Sitting Bull's tragic assassination, which foreshadows the devastating Wounded Knee Massacre, highlighting the broader themes of cultural conflict and the struggle for Native American rights.

  • 🏰 Sitting Bull, a Hunkpapa Lakota leader, sought to end his exile and return to the U.S., citing hardships faced by his followers in Canada.
  • 👴 He was concerned for the well-being of his people, especially the women, children, and his own severe eye condition.
  • 🛡️ Sitting Bull symbolically surrendered his Winchester rifle to his grandson as a sign of peace to the US Army officers.
  • 🎶 Despite appearing to surrender, Sitting Bull maintained his spirit of resistance and looked for opportunities to improve his situation.
  • 🏍 After surrendering, he experienced American culture and society, including a warm reception from the public intrigued by his role in the Little Bighorn battle.
  • 📚 The American public and media fabricated a myth that Sitting Bull was educated among white Americans to reconcile with his victory over General Custer.
  • 🤝 Sitting Bull engaged with various forms of media and public appearances, including signing autographs and meeting international visitors.
  • 🎪 He was involved in Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, where he was exhibited as a figurehead without performing any acts.
  • 💃 During his time with the show, he met Annie Oakley and symbolically adopted her, recognizing her talent as a sign of spiritual power.
  • 🕺 Sitting Bull's return to Standing Rock coincided with the rise of the Ghost Dance movement, which sought to restore the world pre-European colonization.
  • 🔫 His involvement with the Ghost Dance led to his arrest, during which he was fatally shot, marking a tragic end to his life and resistance.
Q & A
  • Why did Sitting Bull decide to end his exile and return to the United States?

    -Sitting Bull decided to end his exile because life in Canada was hard, with his followers suffering from hunger and illness. He himself had developed a severe eye condition and realized that the buffalo hunting lifestyle could not sustain such a large group, especially with dwindling herds.

  • What was the significance of Sitting Bull handing his Winchester to his grandson to surrender to the US Army officers?

    -The act of handing his Winchester to his grandson symbolized Sitting Bull's willingness to end the armed resistance and submit to the US government. However, it also indicated that he was not fully surrendering, as he was keeping his options open and maintaining a level of control over the situation.

  • What was the impact of the Little Bighorn battle on Sitting Bull's Coalition of Plains Tribes?

    -The Little Bighorn battle led to the disintegration of Sitting Bull's Coalition of Plains Tribes. Many members, who had joined for hunting and not intending to fight, returned to the reservations seeking support from the agencies. The large group became logistically unsustainable, leading to a breakdown of the coalition.

  • How did the Canadian government respond to Sitting Bull and his followers during their exile in Canada?

    -The Canadian government was not hostile towards Sitting Bull and his followers. They allowed them to stay but did not provide food or supplies, as they were occupying land designated for Canadian-based tribes. Despite better relations, the Canadian government's stance contributed to the hardships faced by Sitting Bull's group.

  • What myth was created about Sitting Bull after the Little Bighorn victory?

    -A myth was created that Sitting Bull was not culturally Lakota but was raised among white Americans, educated at a university, and graduated from West Point. It was even suggested that he spoke multiple languages, including English, Greek, Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German. This narrative was

🏰 Surrender and Return: The Struggles of Sitting Bull

This paragraph narrates the difficult period in Sitting Bull's life after the Little Bighorn battle. It describes his return from exile in Canada, where he and his followers faced hunger and illness, to the United States. Despite surrendering his rifle, symbolizing his non-hostile intent, Sitting Bull's heart was not fully surrendered. The narrative also touches on the aftermath of Little Bighorn, the dissolution of his coalition, and the logistical challenges of their buffalo hunting lifestyle. It further explores Sitting Bull's complex relationship with the Canadian government, his eventual surrender, and his experiences with American public adoration and myth-making about his persona. The paragraph ends with his interactions with the government and his efforts to support his Hunkpapa band.

🎩 Fame and Exploitation: Sitting Bull's Encounters with Show Business

In this paragraph, Sitting Bull's journey into the world of show business is detailed. It highlights his symbolic adoption of Annie Oakley, whom he recognized for her spiritual prowess, and his subsequent involvement with Buffalo Bill's Wild West show. Despite being exploited, Sitting Bull used this platform to learn about the U.S. government's culture and power. His experiences in the East Coast cities, witnessing poverty and the influx of immigrants, provided him with a deeper understanding of the nation he had been resisting. The paragraph also covers his unsuccessful attempt to meet President Grover Cleveland and his return to Standing Rock, bringing with him a white horse from Buffalo Bill's show.

🌟 The Ghost Dance and Tragic End: Sitting Bull's Final Days

This paragraph delves into the Ghost Dance movement and its significance to the Plains Tribes, aiming to restore the world pre-European colonization. It explores Sitting Bull's ambiguous stance on the movement, his eventual participation, and the reaction it provoked from his Indian agent, James McLaughlin. The paragraph culminates in the tragic death of Sitting Bull, who was killed by native policemen sent by McLaughlin. The narrative concludes with the aftermath of his death, the panic and flight of his followers, and a foreshadowing of the Wounded Knee Massacre. The paragraph also reflects on the impact of Sitting Bull's life and resistance against the U.S. government.

🎶 Sponsor Spotlight and Personal Reflections

This final paragraph shifts focus from historical narrative to a contemporary setting, highlighting the sponsorship of the video series by Factor_. It expresses gratitude for the support of important historical stories and provides a personal reflection on the impact of Sitting Bull's story on the narrator. The paragraph transitions into a promotional segment for Factor_, a meal delivery service, and offers a discount code for viewers. It concludes with a light-hearted mention of the narrator's personal life and a call to action for viewers to try out Factor_'s services.

💡Sitting Bull
Sitting Bull was a Hunkpapa Lakota leader who played a significant role in the resistance against the United States government's attempts to force the Lakota onto reservations. In the video, his decision to return from exile in Canada and his subsequent life under government custody are central to the narrative, illustrating his struggle and the broader context of Native American resistance and cultural preservation.
Exile refers to the state of being expelled or forced to leave one's country or region. In the context of the video, Sitting Bull and his followers experienced exile in Canada, where they faced harsh conditions and starvation. This period of exile is significant as it led to Sitting Bull's eventual return and surrender to the US government.
💡Buffalo hunting
Buffalo hunting was a critical aspect of the Plains Tribes' way of life, providing food and materials for tools and clothing. The decline of buffalo herds due to overhunting and habitat destruction directly impacted the tribes' ability to sustain themselves, leading to the eventual collapse of the buffalo hunting lifestyle and the tribes' reliance on government-supplied food and resources.
Surrender in this context refers to the act of yielding or submitting to an opposing force, often under duress. Sitting Bull's surrender, symbolized by his grandson handing over his Winchester rifle to the US Army, marked a pivotal moment in his resistance and the broader struggle of Native American tribes against the US government.
💡Ghost Dance
The Ghost Dance was a spiritual and cultural movement among Native American tribes in the late 19th century, characterized by ritual dances and the belief that the dead would return to life, the buffalo would replenish, and the white settlers would leave the Americas. It was seen by the U.S. government as a potential threat and contributed to the tensions leading up to the Wounded Knee Massacre.
💡Buffalo Bill Cody
Buffalo Bill Cody was a former scout and bison hunter who became a showman, creating the Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, which was a popular traveling exhibition that featured acts and displays related to the American West. Cody capitalized on the public's fascination with Native American culture and Western expansion, and he employed Sitting Bull in his show, further contributing to the commodification of Native American identity and culture.
Custer refers to George Armstrong Custer, a U.S. military officer known for his role in the American Indian Wars, particularly his defeat at the Battle of Little Bighorn, where he and his 7th Cavalry were defeated by a coalition of Plains Tribes led by Sitting Bull. Custer's death became a symbol of the U.S. government's overreach and the resilience of Native American resistance.
💡Manifest Destiny
Manifest Destiny was the 19th-century belief that the United States was destined to expand across the North American continent, from sea to sea. This ideology was used to justify the displacement of Native American tribes and the acquisition of new territories. It is presented in the video as a sanitized and glamorized process that ignored the moral complexities and violence associated with the conquest of the West.
💡Red Cloud
Red Cloud was a prominent Oglala Lakota leader who fought against the U.S. government's efforts to force the Lakota onto reservations. He is mentioned in the context of the followers of Sitting Bull seeking shelter at the Pine Ridge Reservation under Red Cloud's protection after Sitting Bull's death.
💡Wounded Knee
Wounded Knee refers to the site of the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890, where U.S. troops killed hundreds of Lakota Sioux Indians, many of whom were followers of Sitting Bull. The event marked a tragic end to the Indian Wars and is a symbol of the U.S. government's violent suppression of Native American cultures and resistance.
💡Annie Oakley
Annie Oakley was a renowned female sharpshooter who performed in Buffalo Bill's Wild West show. She is notable in the video for her relationship with Sitting Bull, who admired her shooting skills and believed they indicated great spiritual power, leading him to nickname her 'Little Sure Shot'.

Sitting Bull expresses his desire to end exile and the hardships faced by his followers, including hunger and illness.

Sitting Bull's eye condition is so severe that he must wear green tinted goggles for protection.

Sitting Bull brings his grandson to US Army officers, wishing for the boy to be educated in the ways of white Americans.

Sitting Bull symbolically surrenders his Winchester rifle to his grandson, indicating he was the last of his tribe to give up arms.

After Little Bighorn, Sitting Bull's Coalition of Plains Tribes disintegrates due to logistical impossibilities and dwindling buffalo herds.

Sitting Bull maintains good relations with Canadian officials but faces refusal of support due to occupying land for Canadian-based tribes.

Sitting Bull returns to the US, appearing to surrender but keeping his options open, and boards a riverboat for the first time.

Sitting Bull becomes a popular figure in the US and Europe, with biographies published and journalists chasing stories about him.

A falsified narrative is spread that Sitting Bull was educated among white Americans and spoke multiple languages, which the public finds comforting.

Sitting Bull signs autographs for a dollar each and sells personal items to support his Hunkpapa band.

During his confinement, Sitting Bull receives letters and visitors from around the world and is photographed and interviewed.

Sitting Bull is asked to participate in Wild West shows, where he is paid and retains rights to sell his autograph, photo, and memorabilia.

In Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, Sitting Bull's role is to be seen, riding in a carriage and watching from a VIP spot.

Sitting Bull learns about the US government's culture and power, realizing the nation is importing settlers and soldiers from other nations.

Sitting Bull is shocked by the poverty in American cities, contrasting with Lakota values of generosity.

Sitting Bull's attempt to meet President Grover Cleveland to plead the Lakota's case is unsuccessful.

Sitting Bull brings back a gift from Buffalo Bill, a trained white horse, as the Ghost Dance movement emerges among native populations.

The Ghost Dance aims to restore the world to its pre-European colonization state through ritual dance and prayer.

Sitting Bull's participation in the Ghost Dance leads to his arrest, during which he is killed by native policemen.

Sitting Bull's death marks the end of his three-decade resistance against the US government and his people's struggle.

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