# Reciprocal Identities - Evaluating Secant and Cosecant Functions

TLDRThis video script delves into the world of trigonometry, focusing on reciprocal identities. It explains the concept of reciprocals using simple examples and then applies them to trigonometric functions such as sine, cosine, and tangent. The script teaches how to find the values of secant and cosecant using the unit circle and reference angles, providing step-by-step calculations for angles like pi/3, 4pi/3, 330 degrees, and others. It emphasizes the importance of memorizing certain identities and understanding the unit circle for solving trigonometric problems. The instructor also offers a comprehensive online trigonometry course on Udemy for further learning.

###### Takeaways

- ๐ The reciprocal identities in trigonometry include reciprocal relationships between trigonometric functions.
- โ The reciprocal of sine (sin) is cosecant (csc), which is 1 divided by sine.
- โ๏ธ The reciprocal identity for secant (sec) is 1 divided by cosine (cos).
- ๐ Cotangent (cot) is the reciprocal of tangent (tan), and vice versa.
- ๐ Key reciprocal identities to remember are for sine/cosecant, cosine/secant, and tangent/cotangent.
- ๐ข Using the unit circle helps in evaluating trigonometric functions, such as secant of ฯ/3 and cosecant of 4ฯ/3.
- ๐ Reference angles can simplify the process of finding trigonometric values in different quadrants.
- ๐ข Secant is evaluated as the reciprocal of the cosine value at specific angles on the unit circle.
- ๐ Identifying common trigonometric values and patterns helps in quickly evaluating and verifying answers.
- โ ๏ธ Trigonometric functions like secant and cosecant are undefined when they involve division by zero, such as secant of 90 degrees or cosecant of 180 degrees.

###### Q & A

### What is the reciprocal identity in trigonometry?

-The reciprocal identity in trigonometry refers to the relationship where the reciprocal of a trigonometric function is another function. For example, the reciprocal of sine is cosecant (1/sin = csc), and the reciprocal of cosine is secant (1/cos = sec).

### What is the reciprocal of sine theta in trigonometry?

-The reciprocal of sine theta (sin(ฮธ)) is cosecant theta (csc(ฮธ)), which is equal to 1 divided by sine theta (csc(ฮธ) = 1/sin(ฮธ)).

### How is the reciprocal identity of secant theta related to cosine?

-The reciprocal identity of secant theta (sec(ฮธ)) is 1 divided by cosine theta (1/sec(ฮธ) = 1/cos(ฮธ)). This means that secant and cosine are reciprocals of each other.

### What is the reciprocal identity for tangent and cotangent?

-The reciprocal identity for tangent and cotangent is that tangent theta (tan(ฮธ)) is 1 divided by cotangent theta (tan(ฮธ) = 1/cot(ฮธ)), and cotangent theta (cot(ฮธ)) is also 1 divided by tangent theta (cot(ฮธ) = 1/tan(ฮธ)).

### Why are secant, cosecant, and cotangent identities important to remember?

-Secant, cosecant, and cotangent identities are important to remember because they are commonly used in trigonometry. They allow for the simplification of expressions and the evaluation of trigonometric functions at various angles.

### How can you find the value of secant of pi divided by three using reciprocal identities?

-To find the value of secant of pi divided by three (sec(ฯ/3)), you use the reciprocal identity that secant is 1 over cosine. Since cosine of pi over three (cos(ฯ/3)) is 1/2, secant of pi divided by three is 1 divided by 1/2, which equals 2.

### What is the reference angle for 4 pi over 3 and how does it help in finding the value of cosecant at this angle?

-The reference angle for 4 pi over 3 is pi over three (ฯ/3). Knowing the reference angle helps because it allows you to find the corresponding point on the unit circle for ฯ/3 and then determine the values for 4 pi over 3 by adjusting the signs for the appropriate quadrant (in this case, both x and y are negative in quadrant three).

### How do you calculate the value of secant of 330 degrees?

-To calculate the value of secant of 330 degrees, you first find the reference angle, which is 30 degrees (330 - 360 = -30, and the reference angle is the acute angle, so 30 degrees). Then, you find the cosine of 330 degrees, which corresponds to the x value of the point on the unit circle for 30 degrees, which is root three over two. Secant is 1 over cosine, so secant of 330 degrees is 2 over root three, which rationalizes to 2 root 3 over 3.

### What is the value of cosecant of negative 225 degrees and how do you find it?

-The value of cosecant of negative 225 degrees is the positive square root of two (โ2). You find it by determining the reference angle, which is 45 degrees, and then using the y value of the corresponding point on the unit circle for 45 degrees (which is root 2 over 2). Since cosecant is 1 over sine, and sine of negative 225 degrees is the same as sine of 135 degrees (positive root 2 over 2), cosecant of negative 225 degrees is 2 over root 2, which rationalizes to 2โ2.

### Why is secant of 90 degrees undefined?

-Secant of 90 degrees is undefined because secant is 1 over cosine, and cosine of 90 degrees is 0. Division by zero is undefined in mathematics, so secant of 90 degrees does not have a value.

###### Outlines

##### ๐ Reciprocal Trigonometric Identities

This paragraph introduces the concept of reciprocal trigonometric identities, explaining the reciprocal identity as the inverse of a function, such as the reciprocal of sine being cosecant (1/sin). The video emphasizes the importance of memorizing these identities for trigonometry, particularly secant, cosecant, and cotangent. It demonstrates how to calculate secant of pi/3 using the reciprocal identity and the value of cosine at 60 degrees, resulting in secant pi/3 being 2. The paragraph also guides through finding the value of cosecant for 4pi/3, involving understanding the unit circle, reference angles, and the signs of coordinates in different quadrants, concluding with the rationalized answer of -2โ3/3.

##### ๐ Applying Reciprocal Identities to Angles

The second paragraph continues the discussion on reciprocal identities by applying them to different angles, starting with secant of 330 degrees. It explains the process of finding the reference angle, which is 30 degrees in this case, and using the unit circle to determine the coordinates for 330 degrees. The reciprocal identity for secant (1/cosine) is used to find the value, resulting in 2โ3/3 after rationalization. The paragraph also promotes the instructor's online trigonometry course on Udemy, covering various topics including angles, unit circle, right triangle trigonometry, and graphing functions. Lastly, it challenges viewers to find the value of cosecant of -225 degrees, involving plotting the angle in the unit circle and using the reference angle of 45 degrees to find the corresponding sine value and its reciprocal.

##### ๐ Evaluating Trigonometric Functions at Specific Angles

This paragraph delves into evaluating trigonometric functions at specific angles, starting with the cosecant of -225 degrees. It explains how to find the terminal point for this angle, which corresponds to a positive y-value and a negative x-value, leading to the sine value of positive root 2 divided by 2. The reciprocal identity for cosecant is then used to find its value, resulting in โ2 after rationalization. The paragraph also covers secant of -7pi/6, where understanding the coterminal angles and the reference angle is crucial. The value of secant is found using the cosine value associated with the x-coordinate, leading to the final answer of -2โ3/3. The paragraph concludes with evaluating secant at 0 and 90 degrees, highlighting the undefined nature of secant at 90 degrees due to division by zero.

##### ๐ Cosecant Values at 180 and 270 Degrees

The final paragraph focuses on evaluating the cosecant function at 180 and 270 degrees. It explains that at 180 degrees, the sine value is zero, making the cosecant function undefined since it involves division by zero. For 270 degrees, the sine value is -1, leading to a cosecant value of -1. The paragraph reinforces the importance of understanding the unit circle and the signs of the coordinates at specific angles to correctly evaluate trigonometric functions. It also emphasizes the concept of undefined values when the denominator is zero, as seen with secant at 90 degrees.

###### Mindmap

###### Keywords

##### ๐กReciprocal Identity

##### ๐กCosecant

##### ๐กSecant

##### ๐กUnit Circle

##### ๐กReference Angle

##### ๐กCotangent

##### ๐กRadians

##### ๐กUndefined

##### ๐กRationalize the Denominator

##### ๐กCoterminal Angles

###### Highlights

Introduction to reciprocal trigonometric identities.

Explanation of the reciprocal identity for sine and its relation to cosecant.

Reciprocal identity for secant and its relation to cosine.

Cotangent as the reciprocal of tangent and vice versa.

Emphasis on memorizing secant, cosecant, and cotangent identities.

Calculation of secant of pi/3 using the unit circle.

Method to find the value of cosecant for 4pi/3 using reciprocal identities.

Understanding the concept of reference angles and their importance.

Calculation of secant of 330 degrees using reference angles.

Introduction to the instructor's online trigonometry course on Udemy.

Calculation of cosecant of negative 225 degrees with reference angles.

Explanation of how to handle negative angles and radians in trigonometry.

Calculation of secant of negative seven pi/6 using coterminal angles.

Identification of common trigonometric function values and their rationalization.

Evaluation of secant at 0 degrees and its result.

Explanation of why secant of 90 degrees is undefined.

Evaluation of cosecant at 180 and 270 degrees and their respective results.

###### Transcripts

## Browse More Related Video

The Unit Circle, Basic Introduction, Trigonometry

Finding Exact Values of Trig Functions

Quotient Identities - Evaluating Tangent and Cotangent Functions

Even and Odd Trigonometric Functions & Identities - Evaluating Sine, Cosine, & Tangent

Introduction to Sum and Difference Formulas in Trigonometry (Precalculus - Trigonometry 25)

Sum and Difference Identities of Sine and Cosine

5.0 / 5 (0 votes)

Thanks for rating: