# A Sudoku With Only 4 Given Digits?!

TLDRIn this episode of 'Cracking the Cryptic,' the host tackles a complex Sudoku variant sent by Dutch puzzle master Odd van de Wettering. The puzzle features additional constraints like knight's moves and magic squares, making it a unique challenge. The host methodically works through the puzzle, using logic and arithmetic to deduce the solution, ultimately praising the elegance and uniqueness of the puzzle.

###### Takeaways

- π§© The video discusses a complex and unique Sudoku puzzle created by the Dutch master Odd van Nifterik.
- π’ The puzzle includes additional constraints such as two marked diagonals that must contain the digits from 1 to 9 and a knight's move constraint.
- π The knight's move constraint means that if a cell contains a number, none of the adjacent cells in the knight's move pattern can contain the same number.
- π² The puzzle also contains a Magic Square in the middle, which requires every row, column, and the two long diagonals to add up to the same number.
- π The Magic Square is immediately solvable by recognizing that the sum of the digits from 1 to 9 is 45, and thus each row, column, and diagonal must sum to 45.
- π The central square of the Magic Square must be a 5, as it is the only square involved in all four 15-sum combinations (row, column, and both diagonals).
- π The video demonstrates the step-by-step process of solving the Magic Square, using logic and arithmetic to deduce the placement of each number.
- π― The first step in solving the puzzle is to focus on the Magic Square and use its properties to eliminate possibilities and determine the numbers.
- π The solution of the Magic Square then helps to determine numbers in the surrounding grid, using the knight's move and diagonal constraints.
- π The video emphasizes the elegance and linearity of the puzzle's solution, as each step logically leads to the next, allowing for a clear path to the solution.
- π‘ The final result is a beautifully solved puzzle with a unique solution, showcasing the intricate design and clever constraints of the Sudoku puzzle.

###### Q & A

### What is the main topic of the video?

-The main topic of the video is solving a complex and unique Sudoku puzzle with additional constraints, created by the Dutch master Odd van Nijnatten.

### What are the extra constraints in this Sudoku puzzle?

-The extra constraints include two marked diagonals that must contain the digits from 1 to 9, a knight's move constraint that affects certain cells, and a magic square in the middle that requires every row, column, and the two long diagonals to add up to the same number.

### How does the knight's move constraint work in this puzzle?

-The knight's move constraint means that if a cell contains a certain number, all the cells that a chess knight could move to from that cell cannot contain the same number.

### What is the purpose of the magic square in the middle of the puzzle?

-The magic square in the middle requires that every row, column, and the two long diagonals within the 3x3 box add up to the same number, which helps to solve the puzzle by providing additional arithmetic relationships.

### How does the host begin solving the magic square?

-The host begins by recognizing that the sum of all digits from 1 to 9 is 45, and since each row, column, and diagonal in a magic square must add up to the same number, they deduce that this magic square's target sum is 15.

### What is the significance of the central square in the magic square?

-The central square is significant because it is the only square in a 3x3 magic square with an odd number of rows and columns that is part of a row, a column, and both diagonals, thus it must have four different ways of making the magic square's target sum.

### How does the host determine that the central square must be a 5?

-The host determines that the central square must be a 5 because there are four different ways of making the sum of 15 using the digits 1, 9, 2, 8, 3, 7, and 4, 6, and adding the central square's value, which is the only number that can be used in all four combinations.

### What is the process the host uses to solve the puzzle?

-The host uses a combination of logical deduction, arithmetic based on the magic square, and the constraints of the knight's move and diagonals to systematically eliminate possibilities and place numbers in the correct cells.

### How does the host react to the complexity of the puzzle?

-The host expresses both surprise and admiration for the puzzle's complexity and uniqueness, finding it fascinating and challenging to solve.

### What is the final outcome of the puzzle?

-The final outcome is that the puzzle is solved with a unique solution, demonstrating the beauty and elegance of the puzzle's design.

### How does the host encourage viewers to engage with the puzzle?

-The host encourages viewers to try solving the puzzle themselves and provides a link to a webpage where they can play along, also asking them to share their experiences in the comments.

###### Outlines

##### π§© Introducing a Unique Sudoku Challenge

The video begins with the host introducing a special Sunday edition of 'Cracking the Cryptic,' where a peculiar Sudoku puzzle is presented. The puzzle, created by Dutch master Odd Vandewettering, appears to defy conventional Sudoku rules but is assured to have a unique solution. The host expresses excitement and skepticism, noting extra constraints such as marked diagonals containing digits 1 to 9 and a knight's move constraint. A Magic Square within the puzzle is also mentioned, requiring arithmetic to ensure rows, columns, and diagonals sum to the same number.

##### π’ Deconstructing the Magic Square

The host dives into solving the Magic Square at the center of the puzzle. By understanding the properties of Magic Squares, the host deduces that the central square must be a 5, as it's the only square involved in all rows, columns, and diagonals. The host then uses this knowledge to place additional numbers, leveraging the Magic Square's properties to eliminate possibilities and determine the positions of other digits within the square.

##### π Navigating the Knight's Move Constraints

The host continues the puzzle-solving process by focusing on the knight's move constraint. By analyzing the possible moves a knight could make from certain squares, the host eliminates numbers from potential landing spots. This strategic approach helps to place the number 2 and further narrows down possibilities for other digits within the grid, while also addressing the diagonal constraints.

##### π Working Through Diagonal and Row Constraints

The host shifts focus to the diagonals and rows of the puzzle, using the previously established rules to eliminate options and place digits. The process involves a combination of ruling out squares based on the knight's move and diagonal constraints, as well as utilizing the Magic Square's requirements. The host's methodical approach leads to the placement of the number 6, further resolving the puzzle's structure.

##### π Solving the Cryptic Puzzle

In the final stages of the puzzle, the host brings together all the constraints and insights gained from previous steps. By focusing on the remaining empty squares and applying the knight's move and diagonal constraints, the host systematically fills in the remaining digits. The host expresses admiration for the puzzle's elegance and uniqueness, concluding that it is indeed solvable and offers a sense of satisfaction upon completion.

###### Mindmap

###### Keywords

##### π‘Sudoku

##### π‘Diagonal Constraint

##### π‘Knight's Move Constraint

##### π‘Magic Square

##### π‘Pencil Marking

##### π‘Naked Single

##### π‘Cryptic Crossword

##### π‘Unique Solution

##### π‘Givens

##### π‘Elimination

###### Highlights

The introduction of a unique and challenging Sudoku puzzle by Dutch master Odd van de Wettering.

The puzzle features extra constraints beyond the standard Sudoku rules.

Two marked diagonals must contain the digits from 1 to 9.

A knight's move constraint prevents certain numbers from appearing in specific squares based on chess knight's movement.

The center of the puzzle is a Magic Square, where every row, column, and diagonal add up to the same number.

The Magic Square principle is used to deduce that the central square must be a 5.

The first steps in solving the Magic Square involve understanding the properties of central squares and the possible sums involving the number 5.

The Magic Square is completed by using logical deductions and the rules of the puzzle.

The host expresses surprise and satisfaction at the elegance and linearity of the puzzle's solution.

The puzzle's solution process is described as fascinating and magical, with a unique solution.

The host invites viewers to try the puzzle themselves and share their experiences.

The transcript provides a detailed walkthrough of the puzzle, explaining each step and decision.

The puzzle's complexity is highlighted by the interplay of its additional constraints with traditional Sudoku rules.

The host's methodical approach to solving the puzzle is demonstrated through careful analysis and logical reasoning.

The completion of the puzzle is celebrated as a beautiful and startling achievement.

###### Transcripts

5.0 / 5 (0 votes)

Thanks for rating: