# MCAT Physics Equations Tips & Tricks

TLDRIn this informative video, Corina, a third-year pre-med student, provides an in-depth review of essential physics equations for the MCAT exam. She emphasizes the importance of understanding and memorizing these equations, especially without the aid of a formula sheet or calculator during the exam. Corina offers mnemonic devices and real-world examples to help viewers grasp concepts like hydrostatic pressure, Newton's laws, frictional force, work, power, torque, fluid dynamics, and the Doppler effect. She also highlights the significance of knowing units and the medical relevance of fluid dynamics, ensuring that viewers are well-prepared for the MCAT's physics and chemistry sections.

###### Takeaways

- ๐ You don't get a formula sheet on the MCAT, so memorizing key physics equations is essential.
- ๐ Understanding the derivation of formulas helps prevent confusion under time constraints.
- ๐ฉโ๐ซ Drawing diagrams for physics problems can aid in conceptualizing and solving questions.
- ๐ง Hydrostatic pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in a static column, calculated as P = ฯgh.
- ๐ข Know your units well, as the MCAT tests your understanding of them, especially in the physics/chemistry section.
- ๐ Frictional force is calculated as F = ฮผN, where ฮผ is the coefficient of friction and N is the normal force.
- ๐ Work is related to force and is calculated as W = Fd cosฮธ, with ฮธ being the angle between the force vector and the direction of movement.
- โก Power can be calculated as P = W/t or P = Fv, and knowing different forms of the equation is useful.
- ๐ง Torque is the force required to produce rotational motion, calculated as ฯ = Fd sinฮธ.
- ๐ Flow rate in fluid dynamics can be calculated using Poiseuille's law for non-ideal fluids and Bernoulli's equation for ideal fluids.
- ๐ The Doppler effect describes the change in frequency of a sound wave perceived by an observer relative to the source's motion.
- ๐ Frequency is calculated as f = v/ฮป, where v is the velocity and ฮป is the wavelength.
- ๐ก The energy of an electromagnetic wave is given by E = hf, with h being Planck's constant and f the frequency.

###### Q & A

### What is the main purpose of the video presented by Corina?

-The main purpose of the video is to review high-yield physics equations necessary for the MCAT exam, providing easy ways to remember them and explaining their derivations to avoid confusion during the exam.

### Why is it important to understand the derivation of physics equations for the MCAT according to the video?

-Understanding the derivation of physics equations helps to avoid confusion between formulas with the same variables, especially under time pressure, and is more effective than purely memorizing them.

### What does Corina suggest for dealing with physics questions on the MCAT, especially when they involve diagrams?

-Corina suggests drawing out the problem as much as possible, such as force diagrams or circuit diagrams, to help conceptualize what is being asked in the question.

### What is the definition of hydrostatic pressure as explained in the video?

-Hydrostatic pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in a static column at a given point within the fluid, which is essentially the weight of the fluid above that specific point.

### How is hydrostatic pressure calculated in the context of a fluid column?

-Hydrostatic pressure (P) is calculated using the formula P = ฯgh, where ฯ (rho) is the density of the fluid, g is the acceleration due to gravity, and h is the depth of the fluid from the top to the specific point, not the height.

### What is the significance of knowing units in the physics chem/phys section of the MCAT, as mentioned in the video?

-Knowing units is crucial because the MCAT may present questions where the variable asked for has different units in the answer choices. Recognizing the correct unit can help eliminate incorrect options and narrow down the answer.

### What is the equation for frictional force as discussed in the video, and how can it be remembered?

-The equation for frictional force is f = ฮผN, where ฮผ is the coefficient of friction and N is the normal force. It can be remembered using the mnemonic 'fun', as the equation structure resembles the word.

### How does Corina explain the relationship between force, work, and kinetic energy in the context of the MCAT?

-Corina explains that work done by a constant force is equal to the force times the cosine of the angle between the force vector and the direction vector, times the distance. This work is related to the change in kinetic energy, emphasizing that work involves a force component that causes movement.

### What is the mnemonic Corina provides to remember the equation for power, and how does it relate to studying for an exam?

-The mnemonic provided is 'work overtime', which relates to studying for an exam. It helps remember that power can be expressed as work over time or force times velocity (Fv).

### How does the Doppler effect relate to the perceived frequency of a sound wave, and what is the basic equation for it?

-The Doppler effect is when the frequency of a sound wave perceived by an observer differs from the source's actual frequency due to relative motion between the observer and the source. The basic equation for the Doppler effect involves the original frequency multiplied by a factor that accounts for the relative velocities of the observer and the source.

### What is the equation for the energy of an electromagnetic wave, and how can it be related to frequency?

-The equation for the energy of an electromagnetic wave is E = hf, where h is Planck's constant and f is the frequency. This can be related to frequency by using the formula f = v/ฮป, where v is the velocity and ฮป (lambda) is the wavelength, allowing the equation to be manipulated for different contexts such as light waves or sound frequency.

###### Outlines

##### ๐ MCAT Physics Equations Overview

Corina, a third-year pre-med student, introduces her video on essential physics equations for the MCAT. She emphasizes the importance of memorizing formulas without a formula sheet and understanding their derivation to avoid confusion during the exam. Corina also mentions that a calculator won't be available, hinting at the need for conceptual understanding over complex calculations. She begins with an example question on hydrostatic pressure, illustrating the concept and its formula, P = ฯgh, where P is pressure, ฯ is density, g is acceleration due to gravity, and h is the depth of fluid above a point. Corina clarifies that h is not height but depth, correcting a common misconception.

##### ๐ Understanding Force, Friction, and Work

The video continues with an in-depth look at Newton's laws, particularly the second law, and the significance of knowing units within physics problems. Corina provides a mnemonic for remembering the equation for force (mass times acceleration equals force) and discusses frictional force, using the word 'fun' to help memorize its formula. She explains static and kinetic friction, highlighting the difference between them. Work is then explored, with Corina emphasizing its relationship with force and kinetic energy, and providing the formula for work done by a constant force. She also introduces the concept of power, offering two different equations and mnemonics to remember them, and concludes with torque, differentiating it from work by using the example of a wrench.

##### ๐ Exploring Fluid Dynamics and Medical Relevance

Corina delves into fluid dynamics, a topic of high importance on the MCAT due to its medical relevance, such as blood flow and gas exchange. She explains flow rate and its relation to Poiseuille's law, discussing how pressure, radius, and the inverse relationship with viscosity and tube length affect flow rate. Corina also touches on Bernoulli's theorem, which is applicable to ideal fluids and states the conservation of energy in steady fluid flow, presenting the equation and its components.

##### ๐ The Doppler Effect and Its Equation

In this segment, Corina tackles the Doppler effect, a phenomenon where the observed frequency of a sound wave differs from its source frequency due to relative motion between the observer and the source. She breaks down the equation step by step, explaining how to account for the velocity of the observer and the source, and how their relative motion affects the observed frequency. Corina provides a clear understanding of when to add or subtract velocities in the equation, ensuring that viewers can apply the concept correctly.

##### ๐ Light and Sound: Frequency, Energy, and Equations

The final part of the video focuses on light and sound, starting with the Doppler effect for light and sound waves. Corina discusses the equation for frequency, using units to help remember the relationship between velocity, wavelength, and frequency. She then introduces the energy of an electromagnetic wave, specifically photons, and explains the equation E = hf, which can be manipulated to solve for different aspects of light waves or sound frequency. The video concludes with a wish for success on the MCAT and gratitude for watching.

###### Mindmap

###### Keywords

##### ๐กMCAT

##### ๐กHydrostatic Pressure

##### ๐กNewton's Laws

##### ๐กFrictional Force

##### ๐กWork

##### ๐กPower

##### ๐กTorque

##### ๐กFluid Dynamics

##### ๐กDoppler Effect

##### ๐กFrequency

##### ๐กEnergy of an Electromagnetic Wave

###### Highlights

Corina is presenting high-yield physics equations for the MCAT exam.

Candidates must memorize equations as no formula sheet is provided on the exam.

Understanding the derivation of formulas helps prevent confusion and aids recall.

No calculators are allowed on the MCAT, implying simpler calculations are expected.

Conceptualizing physics problems through diagrams can be beneficial.

Hydrostatic pressure is explained with an example of a person standing.

The formula for hydrostatic pressure is P = ฯgh, where h is the depth of fluid.

Newton's laws are fundamental, particularly Newton's second law for force.

Units are crucial in physics problems and can help in eliminating incorrect answers.

Frictional force is remembered with the mnemonic 'fun', standing for coefficient of friction times normal force.

Work is related to force and is defined as force times cosine of theta times distance.

Power is associated with work and can be expressed as work over time or force times velocity.

Torque is the rotational equivalent of force and is calculated differently from work.

Fluid dynamics is significant in the MCAT due to its medical relevance.

Poiseuille's law and Bernoulli's theorem are key for understanding fluid dynamics.

The Doppler effect is explained with its formula and its significance in frequency change.

Frequency is calculated as velocity over wavelength.

The energy of an electromagnetic wave is given by the equation E = hf.

###### Transcripts

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